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The skin is the largest organ of the body, covering its entire surface. It is responsible for a number of essential functions such as protection, sensation, regulation of body temperature, formation of Vitamin D, secretion etc.

 

It is, thus, essential to take proper care of the skin. The first step is to know our skin type. Many people, not knowing their type, waste much time and money on incorrect and expensive remedies.

 

Here are some pointers to help identify your skin type or condition.

 

Types and conditions

A person is born with a specific skin type. Other factors promote a specific condition, e.g. oily skin may develop an acne condition. Yet one cannot disregard the original skin type when analysing the skin. Simply looking at the skin is not good enough.

 

Skin types

  • Normal – the type is rare. Pores are "invisible". Skin has an even colour and tone. Skin texture is even. pH is in the region of 5,8 to 6.
  • Oily – this skin resembles an "orange peel", course textured - due to open pores, shiny from excessive oil. Prone to blackheads.
  • Combination - the most common type. Easily recognisable by oily centre panel and enlarged pores with a few blackheads in this area. As this is a combination of different types attention must be paid to the different areas.
  • Sensitive skin - the horny layer (Stratum Corneum) is underdeveloped. The skin appears transparent, fragile and delicate. Broken capillaries may be visible. More prone to allergic reactions. Most vulnerable to ultra radiation. A good block should always be applied. Do not confuse with allergic reaction.
  • Dry skin - tiny lines are visible around the eyes, nose and mouth. The skin mayfeel tight and in extreme cases may flake. It ages rapidly. Symptoms are accentuated when the air is dry.

Skin conditions

  • Dehydrated - The skin is in dire need of moisture and appears parched. Acute form of dry skin. Influenced by exposure to elements, lack of or wrong type of treatment.
  • Devitalised - Usually a temporary condition influenced by a number of factors: general health, lifestyle, physical and emotional upsets. The skin appears dull grey and tired. Late nights, lack of sleep and over-indulgence may also have an effect. May affect all skin types.
  • Mature skin - with age the metabolism slows down, expression lines become prominent, skin and muscles lose tone and moisture content of skin diminishes.
  • Allergic skin - an allergic reaction may affect any skin type, especially sensitive skin types. The allergy is triggered by the skins inability to avoid certain substances known as allergens.
  • Problem skin - also called impure, congested or acne. Ranges from isolate spots to angry inflammations. Whiteheads may also appear. Contributing factors are hormonal imbalance, emotional stress and diet.

Allah has created every skin different. The above is only a guideline to a better skin treatment.

 

sk/2008-05-12 16:41:59

 
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  helpline@sanha.org.za

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